A problem solution essay is a paper where you need to present acertain problem and offer a solution for it. The formulation ofthe problem in a paper often causes difficulties for students.This is due to the fact that little attention can be given tothis issue in the classroom. At the same time, the description ofthe problem is an important part of the paper, since itdetermines the entire course of the project. The problem in science is understood as a question that needs tobe investigated. This is a kind of contradictory situation, whichrequires finding ways to resolve the contradiction that hasarisen.
Computer science should be developed for high schoolstudents, but there are no practical tools that would help itformation. Many youth associations of various levels are registered inthe country, but social surveys show that even among allinter-regional associations, only young people under the age of35 are known.
The problem can be both theoretical and practical. Gaps in theoryrequire the development of appropriate concepts, and difficultiesof a practical kind require the creation of certain means. Aftera detailed study of the contradiction that has arisen, theresearcher comes to the need to find a solution that will helpeliminate this contradiction. For the first example of a contradictory situation, such asolution may be the development of a tool that will allow thecomputer literacy of high school students. On the basis of theconclusion, an appropriate goal is set and the objectives of thepaper are formulated. For the second example, the solution couldbe a means of attracting young people to youth organizations.
After you have found a contradiction that requires a solution,find out if a solution to this problem has already been found.Often during the defense, teachers notice that the issue you aretalking about has been repeatedly discussed in the literature andhas effective solutions. What then is the benefit of the work youhave done? If you do not bother to find out what has already beendone before you on the detected contradiction, then your workloses its meaning. In order not to face this serious difficulty, make a list ofproblems that have already been resolved on your topic, and alsofind out as much as possible what has already been done on yourproblem. This will help you not only reading the literature, butalso communication with professionals. They can be specialistswith a scientific degree, including your supervisor, orexperienced practices from the industry you are interested in.Talking with such people can significantly advance you in writinga problem solution essay, and in the future – a thesis. Onlyafter discovering that the problem does not yet have effectivesolutions you can begin to describe it.
When determining the problem, you should also consider thefollowing:
The problem situation in the essay should be described not in onesentence, but in several. In the examples indicated above,reference should be made to relevant documents requiring thedevelopment of computer literacy (example 1), or youthorganizations, as well as centers that conducted youth surveys(example 2). The availability of statistical data will prove thatyou are raising not a far-fetched problem, but one that is reallysignificant for society. At the same time, you must specify linksto current sources of information, rather than refer to obsoletematerials of 20 years ago. After describing the problem, consider the degree of its study,for which you need to thoroughly study the most authoritative andrelevant sources on your research topic. In the formulation ofthis question, the following constructions will help you: The issue (your problem) is paid enough attention in... A number of scientific papers are devoted to individualaspects of this problem, but it cannot be considered solved,because... In the works... attention is paid... Another group of works is devoted... After doing this part of the work, it is advisable to show it tothe scientific supervisor, since during the defense, it is thestatement of the problem that is the weak point of the entirecourse. From the correctness of the description of the problemand the degree of its study, the success of all further work onthe research topic depends to a large extent.